INDIA successfully test – fires nuclear capable Agni V|Agni 5 missile at the Dr. Abdul Kalam island in the Bay of Bengal on Monday afternoon (10.12.2018)
Agni V is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defense Research Organization of India (DRDO). Agni V is part of the Agni series of missiles.
It is a three-stage missile and is 17 meters tall and 2 meter wide. It is capable of carrying 1.5 tons of nuclear warhead.
Agni is the most advanced in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.
The missile was launched with the help of a mobile launcher from launched pad-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Dr. Abdul Kalam island in the Bay of Bengal.
During the trial the flight performance of the missile was tracked and monitored by radar, tracking instruments and observation stations.
The high speed on board computer and fault tolerant software, along with robust and reliable bus guided the Agni 5 missile flawlessly.
||Intercontinental ballistic missile|
||Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)|
||Bharat Dynamics Limited|
||Strategic nuclear weapon|
||over 50,000 km upto 80,000 km|
||10-80 m CEP with terminal guidance|
||8 × 8 Tatra TEL and rail-mobile launcher (canisterised missile package)|
||Road or Rail Mobile|
Programming of missile held in such a way that when missile will reach the peak of its trajectory. it turns towards the earth to continue its journey to the target with an increased speed, due to earth’s gravitational pull.
And its path precisely directed by the advanced onboard computer and inertial navigation system.
As the missile enters the earth’s atmosphere, its outer surface raises the temperature to beyond 4,000 degrees Celsius, due to rubbing of atmospheric air at its surface.
While the indigenous-designed and developed heat shield maintains the inside temperature at less than 50 degrees Celsius.
The missile has been designed to hit the target designated target point accurately. The missile has been Designed by the on-board computer with the support of a Ring Laser Gyro-Based Interstitial Navigation system.
Fully digital control system and advanced compact avionics as per DRDO officials.
The ships located in mid-range and at the target point tracked the vehicle and witnessed the final event.
All the radars and electro-optical system along the path monitored the perimeters of the missile and displayed them in real time.
The missile has advantages of higher reliability, longer shelf life, less maintenance and enhance mobility.
First Test Launch
On 19 April 2012 at 08.05 am, the Agni V was successfully test-fired by DRDO from Wheeler Island off the coast of Orissa. The flight time lasted 20 minutes and the third stage fired the re-entry vehicle into the atmosphere at an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 mi).
The missile re-entry vehicle subsequently impacted the pre-designated target point more than 5,000 kilometers (3,100 mi) away in the Indian Ocean.
Second Test Launch
On September 15, 2013 India conducted a second test flight of Agni-V from the Wheeler Island off Odisha coast.
The missile was test-fired from a mobile launcher from Launch Complex 4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at about 8:50 am.
The flight duration was little over 20 minutes and hit the pre-designed target in the Indian Ocean with an accuracy of a few meters.
Third Test Launch
On 31 January 2015, India conducted a third successful test flight of the Agni-V from the Wheeler Island facility.
The test used a canisterised version of the missile, mounted over a Tatra truck. The missile witnessed a flawless ‘auto launch’ and detailed results will be known after all data is retrieved from different radars and network systems.
Fourth Test Launch
On 26 December 2016, a fourth test of the missile was successfully conducted from complex 4 of Wheeler Island, Odisha at 11.05 IST.
This was the second canisterised test of the missile and will now pave way for user trials of the missile by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC)
Fifth Test launch
On 18 January 2018, a fifth test of the missile was successfully conducted from the Wheeler Island facility, Odisha at 09.53 IST.
This was the third consecutive canisterised test of the missile on a road mobile launcher and the first in its final operational configuration. The missile covered a distance of 4,900 km in 19 minutes.
Sixth Test launch
On 3 June 2018, a sixth test launch of Agni-V was successfully conducted from Abdul Kalam Island at 09.45 IST.
It was the sixth missile test since 2012 and was a “precision launch”. The Indian Ministry of Defence stated that the radars, electro-tracking stations, and telemetry stations tracked the vehicle throughout the course.