“OPERATION BLUE STAR”
(1st to 8th June)
Only few people know about the operation blue star.
What was the operation blue star and what was done in this operation?
So I want to tell you what was the operation blue star.
For this you have to read this full Article
The operation blue star was the biggest internal security mission which is undertaken by the Indian army. It was a military operation by Indian army in Indian.
Mrs Indira Gandhi the Prime Minister of India that time given the order to remove JARNAIL SINGH BHINDRANWALE and its supporter in Harmandir Sahib Complex in Amritsar.
The Harmandir Sahib Complex is also known as Golden Temple.
The Blue Star Operation carried out between 1st to 8th June 1984.
|Name Blue Star Operation
Started from 1st to 8th june 1984
Place Harmandir Sahib Complex Amritsar
Ordered by Prime Minister of India Mrs Indira gandhi to remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his Followers.
- BIRTH OF OPERATION BLUE STAR
The Blue Star Operation was born from khalistan movement.
What was khalistan movement?
DR. JAGJIT SINGH CHOHAN was the founder of the khalistan movement.
The khalistan movement was a Sikh National list movement that wants to create an independent state for Sikh people, inside the current North-Westem republic of India.
The khalistan movement started in the early 1940 and 1950, it gained popularity between 1970 and 1980.
Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was a big supporter of the khalistan movement.
As a leader, Bhindranwale had an influence on Sikh Youth.
He persuaded many people to follow Sikh rules and tenets.
- Operation Blue Star was Divided into two parts-
- Operation metal
- Operation woodrose
- Operation metal :- Operation metal is the part of the Operation Blue Star.
Operation metal was confined to Harmandir Sahib Complex temple) but it also led Operation Shop, which including raiding Punjab to capture suspects.
Operation woodrose :- Operation woodrose is the part of the Operation Blue Star.
Operation woodrose was launched throughout Punjab. The operation was carried out by Indian Army using Tanks, Artillery, Helicopter and Armored vehicles.
- OPERATION HIGHLIGHTS
1st june 1984 :- The CRPF (central reserve police force) and BSF (border security force) started firing at “Guru Ram Das Langar” building.
The border security force and the central reserve police force, under orders of the army, started firing on the Harmandir Sahib Complex( golden temple).
In that attacked around 8 to 10 people died.
- 2nd june 1984 : The army had already sealed the international border from kashmir to Ganganagar, Rajasthan.
At least seven divisions of army deployed in villages of Punjab.
Army began taking control of the city of Amritsar from the paramilitary.
Media faced a blackout and transportation also suffered a major setback during that time.
Foreigner and NRI entry has been banned. In many parts of the amritsar water and electricity supply was cut off.
3rd june 1984 : In the morning the curfew was relaxed to allow the Sikh pilgrims to go inside the temple to celebrate Sikhism fifth Guru Arjan’s martyrdom day who died in the early 17th century.
About 10,000 people had come from outside including many women and 4000 of them were young people. Those who were inside were not allowed to go out after 10 p.m.
There is a complete curfew with the army and paramilitary patrolling the whole Punjab.
The army has sealed off all routes of ingress and exit around the temple of complex.
In other words Punjab has been totally cut off from the other states and the rest of world.
- 4th june 1984 : On 4 june announcements was broadcast over loudspeakers and the pilgrims inside was asked to leave the temple. The army starts firings on the temple complex.
The army started bombarding the historic Ramgarhia Bunga, the water tank and other fortified positions.The army helicopters can be seen all over.
The army used Ordnance QF 25 pounder and destroyed the outer defence laid by general shabeg singh. Now the army is placings tanks and APCs on the road separating the guru nanak niwas building.
The artillery and small arms firing stopped for a while, and gurcharan singh tohra, former head of SGPC was sent to negotiate with Bhindranwale for his surrender.
He was unsuccessful. The firing resumed again. At least 1000 people are killed on both sides.
- 5th june 1984 : In the morning time, shelling started on the building inside the Harmandir Sahib Complex (golden temple). The 9th division launched a frontal attack on the akal takht, although it was unable to secure the building.
19:00 hrs The BSF and CRPF has started attacking hotel temple view and brahm boota akhara respectively on the southwest fringes of the complex. 3 hrs have passed and both the structures are now under their control.
The army simultaneously attacked various other gurudwaras. 42 or 74 locations.
In the evening,the general decided to launch a simultaneous attack from three sides. 10 guards, 1 para commandos and special frontier force (SFF) would attack from the main entrance from the complex.
- 6th june 1984 : The army used seven Vijayanta tanks during the operation to destroy the Akal Takht. It suffered some damage but the structure was still standing. In same time jarnail singh bhindranwale and his supporters was killed.
- 7th june 1984 : The army entered the Akal Takht. Dead bodies of Bhindranwale, Shabeg Singh and Amrik Singh were discovered in the building. The Indian army had gained effective control over the Harmandir Sahib complex.
8th june 1984 : The rest of the four terrorists, who were kept in the tower’s basement, were killed by the army. 8th june 1984 in that day finally the operation has been completed.
- Effect of this operation
- A lot of blood was destroyed.
- The Akal Takht was completely destroyed.
- More people died in this operation.
- The feelings of the Sikhs from Operation Blue Star were greatly hurt.
JARNAIL SINGH BHINDRANWALE
Who was Jarnail singh Bhindranwale?
Jarnail singh bhindranwale was the head of the Damdami Taksal. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale had a deep faith in his religion. Because of deep faith and fanaticism towards Sikhism, Bhindranwale had become the favorite student of all his Gurus in a few years.
He used to look at everyone. During this, he had also come to the head of the Taksal chief. In front of his master, he used to pull his praises. Seeing the devotion and sacrifice of Bhindranwale towards Sikh religion, the chief of the Taksal became so impressed that when he died, the accompanist made Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale as the head of the taksal rather than the son of the prince. He remained the chief of the Taksal for a long time. It is said that Bhindranwale is still considered a martyr in the Taksal. His name is taken there with full respect.
He supported the Anandpur Sahib proposal. Jarnail asked the Sikhs to be clean. Jarnail banned all Sikhs from doing any kind of intoxication. He is main supporter of the khalistan movement. The main reason was to support of khalistan movement is they think the Sikhs were deprived of their rights.
| JARNAIL SINGH BHINDRANWALE
- Result of operation blue star
31st October 1984 the Indian Prime Minster Indira Gandhi killed by her sikhs bodyguards Satwant Singh or Beant Singh. Operation Blue Star left the deep mark on the thinking of the Satwant Singh or Beant Singh.
33 bullets were fired at her. beant singh fired on 3 bullets and satwant singh fired 30 bullets.
The main reason of Indira Gandhi death is the Blue Star Operation because Indira Gandhi head of this operation. she give a order to Indian army to attack a Harminder Sahib complex. In this attack the Sikhs were get hurted. Indira Gandhi paid the ultimate price for ordering operation blue star.
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